Kyphosis is an exaggerated forward rounding of the back. It is most common among older women, but can also be seen in infants and teens.


When kyphosis is mild, it may produce no signs.
In severe cases, the following symptoms are present:

  • Abnormally curved or rounded spine
  • Stiffness
  • Back pain


  • Osteoporosis
  • Scheuermann’s disease
  • Cancer
  • Spinal disc degeneration
  • Congenital issues
  • Proximal junctional kyphosis – breaking down of the spine above an area where prior surgery was done


Our physicians can confirm a diagnosis of kyphosis during an office visit.

Here’s what to expect during your appointment:

Physical Exam

The diagnosis process will begin with a full physical examination to assess the rounding of your back, your reflexes, and your muscle strength.

Imaging Tests

Following the physical examination, we will order an X-ray, a CT scan and/or an MRI to aid in our diagnosis. This will allow us to assess the degree of your condition, along with any potential co-existing issues, such as a tumor or infection.

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Once you are diagnosed with kyphosis, our focus will be on treating your underlying condition, relieving any pain, and correcting the curve.

To that end, we will likely recommend a blend of the following approaches:

Pain Relievers

If you are in pain due to your condition, you may need prescription-strength medications to relieve your discomfort.


In many cases, physical therapy exercises can help to increase flexibility and minimize pain.

Lifestyle Changes

Many patients benefit from lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, getting regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy diet high in calcium and vitamin D.


In severe cases, a surgery known as spinal fusion may be required to treat the condition. During this procedure, our specialists will surgically correct the curve by connecting the affected vertebrae with metal rods and screws.

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